How do I delete a Linux hierarchical storage file system?

August 24, 2020 by Louie Sharp

 

You may have encountered an error message indicating that the Linux hierarchical storage file system is being used. If so, there are several steps you can take to fix this problem. We'll talk about this a little later. Like UNIX, Linux adopts a single hierarchical directory structure. It all starts at the root directory, represented by the / character, and then expands into subdirectories instead of so-called "disks". In a Windows environment, you can store files almost anywhere: C drive, D drive, E drive, and so on.

 

 


hierarchical storage file system linux

The current File System Hierarchy (FHS) standard is version 2.3, introduced in January 2004. As more and more people prefer open source systems like Linux, they need to know more about the critical aspects of how file systems become a necessity.

When trying to understand the hierarchy of the Linux file system, the starting point should always be to define an entry point, commonly known as root. Most Windows users know that the root is usually defined by the alphabetical designation of the hard drive, which is usually C: \. However, things look a little different with Linux. Unlike Windows, Linux does not identify a route with a location or with a physical device such as a computer's hard drive.



Instead, it is a logical storage, which is denoted only by the "/" sign. Linux shows everything as a file, while other operating systems like Windows can show parts like hard drives as they are. As mentioned earlier, a hard drive is usually denoted by letters that connect the drive, for example. . C: \, D: \ E: \. On the other hand, in Linux disks are described as / dev / sda, / dev / sda1. Basically, it is a file that shows where all the other files are located.

A more practical approach is to locate My Documents in a popular operating system such as Windows C: \ Users \ username \ Documents, and Documents in Linux is / home / username /. Documents. As you get to know Linux, you will often wonder why different programs are in different directories, such as / sbin, / bin, / usr / sbin, or / usr / bin. Not all parent directories were created equal. All of these separate directories have roles and functions that help make the entire system work as one.

It all starts here - defined as a forward slash. It is the logical entry point to the Linux filesystem. Every directory and file starts at this point in one way or another. It also houses the entire Linux operating system. It is important to note that not all users have access to this directory. Only the root user can read and write to this directory.

Most binaries are found here. It stores some useful commands that you can useUsed by both administrators and unprivileged users such as mv, cp, cat, rm, and ls. Unlike / usr / bin, the binaries located here are considered essential and, as such, important. This is because important system programs are stored there. According to FSSTND (Linux File System Standard), / bin should not have any subdirectories.

This is the location of all the files that the operating system needs to fully load. It is generally recommended that you save these files to a different partition on your hard drive, especially if you are doing two * downloads. On Linux, although you installed them on a separate partition, the boot files are logically located in / boot. The kernel also uses this location to store relevant information such as backup master boot records, system map files, and other sensitive data that cannot be directly edited by users.


What file system does Ubuntu use?

Table
File System Maximum file size Notes
Fat32 4 GiB Old version
NTFS 2TiB (for Windows compatibility) NTFS-3g is installed by default in Ubuntu and supports read / write
ext2 2 Tio Old version
ext3 2TiB The standard Linux filesystem for many years. The best choice for extra-standard installations.
November 8, 2015


This is where your physical devices are located, such as USB sticks, hard drives, optical drives, etc. As mentioned earlier, the system drive is mounted in this directory where we go Let's try / dev / sda with the USB stick / dev / sde. On Windows, when we want to see a list of connected physical devices such as hard drives, let's go to My Computer, where you can see all connected physical devices and drives. On Linux, / dev is the equivalent. If you dive into this directory, you will see what "Everything is a file or directory in Linux" means. If you compare the properties of the files located here with the properties of your hardware, you will quickly find that you can influence devices from there. For example, if you send a file to the printer / dev / lp0, it will be printed!

All configuration files related to the system can be found here. The configuration file is defined as a local file used by the program. However, it must be static. Typically, the contents of this directory affect all users of the system, regardless of their administrative authority. Since this is where files are used to instruct programs to perform various tasks, it is generally a good idea to regularly back up this directory becauseit can save you a lot of hassle and tears if you lose or damage your recent installation. ...

This is where users usually spend some of their time. Since Linux is a multi-user environment, each user must have their own storage space that only the user and administrator can access. In this directory you will find your downloads, documents, desktops, photos, etc. So we have these items in a location like the / home / username / directory. This is your playground, where you let the magic happen. If you want to delete files, burn, install software, etc., at this point everything will be done. This location also contains known point files, which are essentially configuration files for your account on a specific computer.

This directory contains libraries. These are mainly the modules required to run commands in / sbin and / bin. Most of the time, when we install Linux software, we see that the libraries are loaded automaticallyand. These are system files that can be used to run software.

Usually it is used as a placeholder for connecting other removable media. If you want to add a network location, this is the location. For example, homes with media servers can use it as a mount point (/ mnt / server). In Linux, the user can create mount points from almost anywhere. However, for practical and organizational reasons, you should not have open mount points throughout the system.



This location is used for add-ons and software that were not part of the original installation. For example, software such as Kylix, StarOffice, WordPerfect, and Netscape Communicator can be found here following the FSSTND guidelines.


What is the Linux directory structure?

A Linux file system is a structured collection of files on a hard disk or partition. A section is a segment of memory that contains specific data. There may be different sections of memory on our machine. It stores data on hard disk drives (HDD) or similar storage devices.


Basically this is the home of the system administrator. The concept of "root to root" is a little confusing at first, but to keep things in order, a home was created for the administrator. Here the administrator is called the superuser and is considered the master of the system. Restrictions on the possibilities of sexThere is no founder. However, since some actions cannot be undone, you are unlikely to touch anything unless you are 100% sure what you are doing.

In conclusion, I would like to remind our dear readers that Linux is a logical system, not a physical one. It is logical that although different folders can be located in different partitions of the hard drive, they are all in one place. It may seem a little daunting at first, but everything needs to be learned. The more you use the system, the faster you will understand and become a master over time. Graphical Linux distros like Linux Mint and Ubuntu might be the best start for you.


Does Linux recognize NTFS?

Linux can read NTFS disks using the old NTFS file system that came with the kernel, provided that the person who compiled the kernel did not disable it. To add write access, it is more reliable to use the FUSE ntfs-3g driver, which is included with most distributions. This way, you can provide read / write operations for NTFS volumes.


 

 

 

 

 

 

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